Climate of the Pacific Islands

Climate of the Pacific Islands

One feature of oceanic islands which distinguishes them from continents and from many of the continental islands is the climate. The great body of water which surrounds oceanic islands never becomes so warm and never so cold as the land on and near continents.

Therefore the temperature of the air over the open ocean and around and over the oceanic islands does not rise so high or fall so low. For the same reason the winter and summer temperatures are not very far apart, and the climate does not differ much from month to month. Places in Mexico in the same latitude as Hawaii and places in Australia in the same latitude as Rapa have cold winters and hot summers.


The average annual temperature of nearly all the Pacific oceanic islands is 70 degrees. Only in a region extending west from Fiji does the average reach 80 degrees, and only in the Aleutian Islands and in the islands lying south of New Zealand are the winters uncomfortably cold.


Because of the vast stretches of water over which they may blow without interruption, the winds of the Pacific are more regular and uniform than are the winds in any other part of the world. These winds blow in different directions in different parts of the Pacific. In the belt of ocean lying approximately between the parallel of latitude 3 degrees north, which runs through Midway Island, and the parallel of latitude 60 degrees north, near the Bering Sea, the winds come generally from the west and are known as ” westerly winds.”

From latitude 30 degrees north to near the equator the winds come from the northeast. For more than three hundred days in the year they blow so regularly and evenly that they have been called northeast trade winds (trade is the English form of an old word trod, which means path). Along the equator the winds blow feebly, generally from the east. From near the equator to latitude 30 degrees south are the southeast trade winds, and still farther south is the belt of strong westerly winds known to sailors as the “roaring forties.”

In the two trade-wind belts, the winds sometimes blow from a direction opposite to their usual course, bringing with them the kind of weather known in Hawaii as “Kona storms.” Sometimes the winds become hurricanes or typhoons. Most of these hurricanes occur in the region between the Marshall Islands and China and west and southwest of Samoa — in Micronesia, Melanesia-and farther west in the Indian Ocean.

But they sometimes occur in the winter months in Polynesia and are then very destructive. The houses may be torn down and. the trees broken and uprooted. The hurricane winds and the high waves which come with them have swept some low coral islands bare of trees, buildings, and men and have sunk the canoes along the shores. These winds and the ocean currents made by the winds have aided boats in sailing in some direoctions and hindered them in sailing in other directions.

Passion, energy and mystery all in Hawaii

Passion, energy and mystery all in Hawaii

Hawaii is incredibly romantic destination. Perfect for a wedding, honeymoon or dream away. The fabulous beaches and luxury resorts, combined with the tropical climate means that you’ll fall in love with the island almost as soon as you land. You’ll be forgiven if you stay in comfort and luxury of your resort, with all your needed. Although if you never leave the station, you’ll miss the inspiring fear Marvels Hawaii has to offer.

Whatever your stay on this island is worth jumping through the Big Island to visit the Parc National des Volcans. Hawaii has many active volcanoes and there are five on the Big Island. Only three of the five are active and Kilauea is most active. He is the youngest volcano on Big Island and appears to go through a growth spurt in adolescents. Kilauea has been erupting since 1983. Every day he vomited enough lava resurfacing of 20 mile long road. This enormous quantity of lava has added about 500 acres of the Big Island area. The volcano gives with one hand he takes the other. Big Island has lost more than 181 houses, a church and a number of other buildings in the lava flow.

You may wonder why on earth we suggest you visit the active volcano. The Volcano National Park is perfectly safe if you pay attention to the park rangers. So it’s an incredible opportunity to see firsthand one of the most powerful displays of natural materials and the planet. The eruption of Kilauea is not about quick violent, is a persistent rise of the lava. Forms lava tubes that directs much of the flow toward the sea of lava tubes are a fascinating formation created by the lava of contact with the air much colder island. As the lava flow increases the size of the tube forms a unique ecosystem. We suggest you take a tour of the tubes. As you’re standing inside a natural element created by a lava flow active, please pay attention to the Rangers!

Hawaii Volcanoes are an integral part of the mythology and legends of the islands. Pele is the goddess of Kilauea volcano and its domain is. If you want a spiritual protection of the raw power of the earth, it would be wise to take some pork and gin with you. This is not to strengthen you, but should be wrapped in ti leaves and left as an offering to Pele. This goddess of fire is tempered celebrated in local art and tearing down forms of lava are called “Pele’s tears”.

It is not wise to take one of the tears of Pele as a souvenir of your visit. Many of those who have had to mail the stone back to Hawaii in an attempt to appease the deity who has the misfortune visited upon them. A local superstition, perhaps, but it is wise to respect the landscape of national park in the same way you respect a coral reef. As for the offerings of pork and gin, while in the presence of an erupting volcano that has been for 26 years there is no harm in keeping the local goddess happy.

Hawaii: The Waikiki Beach the white sand shoreline

Hawaii: The Waikiki Beach the white sand shoreline

Waikīkī is a beachfront neighborhood of Honolulu, on the south shore of the island of Oʻahu, in Hawaii, United States. Waikiki is best known for Waikīkī Beach, the white sand beach shoreline fronting the neighborhood. Waikīkī is home to public places including Kapiʻolani Park, Fort DeRussy, Kahanamoku Lagoon, Kūhiō Beach Park, and Ala Wai Harbor.

The name Waikīkī means spouting fresh water in the Hawaiian language, for springs and streams that fed wetlands that once separated Waikīkī from the interior. The area was a retreat for Hawaiian royalty in the 1800s who enjoyed surfing there on early forms of longboards.

A few small hotels opened in the 1880s. In 1893, Greek-American George Lycurgus leased the guest house of Allen Herbert and renamed it the “Sans Souci” (French for “without worries”) creating one of the first beach resorts. Later that year Robert Louis Stevenson stayed at the resort; subsequently it became a popular destination for tourists from the mainland. The area at coordinates 21°15′49″N 157°49′17″W is still called “Sans Souci Beach”.

Today, the area is filled with large resort hotels, such as the Hilton Hawaiian Village, the Halekulani hotel, the Hyatt Regency Waikīkī and Hyatt Place Waikiki, the Sheraton Waikīkī, and historic hotels dating back to the early 20th century (such as the Moana Surfrider Hotel and the Royal Hawaiian Hotel). The beach hosts many events a year, including surf competitions, outdoor performances, hula dancing and outrigger canoe races.

Nightlife in Hawaii

Nightlife in Hawaii

There is a tremendous variety of night life in Hawaii, although the typical night club is in the minority. At most night clubs you can see a good hula and many places feature Tahitian and Samoan entertainment. There are church of all denominations.

Top hotels all have several dining rooms and serve excellent food. One of the best known and most popular restaurants is Lau Yee Chai in Waikiki. Its outdoor dance floor has a vertical rock garden and waterfall. The food is superb. There are a number of picturesque Japanese tea houses. Reservations should be made in advance.

The Tropics, the Broiler, the Tahitian Lanai and the Colonel’s Plantation, Beef Steak and Coffee House are popular. Be sure to attend a Hawaiian luau, a combination of the best native dishes and Polynesian entertainment. Some of the places which feature these are Don the Beachcomber’s and Queen’s surf and the Hawaiian Village. Luaus are by reservation only.

Nightlife in Hawaii

Among the best places for coctails in the Waikiki area are: the Royal Hawaiian Hotel, Captain Cook Bar in the Surfrider, the Bora Bora Bar at Don the Beachcomber’s, Kamaaina Bar at the Moana, the Tiare Room Shell Bar and Ale Ale Kai Room at the Hawaiian Village, the House Without a Key at the Halekulani, the Gourmet, the Queen’s Surf and the bars of the new hotels.

Why some Polynesians speak of their homeland as Hawaiki?

Why some Polynesians speak of their homeland as Hawaiki?

The precise routes taken by the fearless explorers are not known. The migrations were many and were spread over centuries of time. Also the small companies of adventurers and scouts and the larger companies of immigrants came by different routes. The route through Java to the Fiji Islands and eastward is marked by stranded remnants of Polynesians at Futuna (Erronan) in the New Hebrides, at Rennel in the Solomons, and at the Ontong Java (Lord Howe Islands).

The Polynesian settlement at Nukuor in the Caroline Islands may mark a northern route by which immigrants came through the Marshall Islands, Gilbert Islands, and Ellice Islands to Samoa and perhaps to Hawaii. It is possible that some adventurous companies came by a yet more northern route through the Marianas Islands or the Carolines directly to Hawaii. After immigrants had become established in such places as Samoa and Tahiti, these centers probably were used as bases for exploration of islands in their vicinity.

When the Polynesians came

Some Polynesians speak of their former homeland as “Hawaiki,” a faintly remembered faraway region from which many choice things came and to which the souls of men returned after death. The first emigrations from this homeland took place so long ago that the record is lost. But at the beginning of the Christian era colonists were in the Pacific, and it is known that during the eighth and ninth centuries eighty-five islands and island groups had been discovered islands lying far apart on both sides of the equator.

The Maoris of New Zealand trace their descent from immigrants who reached the islands about the year 1400. But these immigrants had learned about the country from earlier voyagers and came with their wives and children, carrying with them the sweet potato and taro, their household idols, medicinal plants, and domestic animals. They found New Zealand occupied by people of their own race, who had come from different places, and learned that the Chatham Islands lying eastward across 500 miles of stormy sea had been settled.

As early as the thirteenth century the geography of the Pacific was fairly well known. The colonists were familiar with the mountains, volcanoes, rivers, reefs, and forests and knew the regions of large rainfall and small rainfall and the direction of winds and currents. All this was before Columbus had discovered America, or Balboa the Pacific; before Magellan had crossed the Pacific to the Philippines.

Pioneer navigators

Long before European navigators had ventured far from land, Polynesians were sailing back and forth among the dots of land in the broad Pacific, making voyages thousands of miles in length. The Polynesian outposts in the Carolines and at Easter Island are nearly 9,000 miles apart and 3,800 miles of water lie between Hawaii and New Zealand.

The route from Tahiti to New Zealand, used many times by Polynesian boats, is 2,200 miles in length. Yet these widely separated lands and intervening islands were not only known but were settled and served as distributing points for the shoots and seeds of such food plants as the banana, coconut, yam, breadfruit, and taro. Even the west coast of America may have been visited by adventurous navigators.

Long voyages

The facts about some of these voyages are known. Four early trips from Hawaii to Tahiti, 2,400 miles, are recorded. Uenga, a twelfth-century sea rover, sailed from Samoa to Tongareva, thence to Tubuai, and through the Tuamotus to Tahiti. The entire journey covered about 4,000 miles, most of it against the trade winds. Tukuiho, sailing from Rapa, discovered Rapa-nui ( Easter Island) after a voyage of 2,500 miles with no intervening stopping places. Karika, a Samoan chief, discovered and colonized Rarotonga, and the thirteen voyages of Tangiia cover a distance of more than 18,000 miles.

No compass used

The Polynesians readily made their way across the ocean without the aid of a compass or a log book. During the daytime they guided themselves by the sun, by the flight of birds, and the shape and color of clouds, and in stormy weather by the trend of the waves driven before the prevailing winds. A man with a knowledge of clouds and rainbows and winds ranked high in the esteem of the people. Some of the Pacific peoples made crude charts on which the trends of the wave crests in the trade wind belts were indicated by parallel sticks stretched on a frame, and the number and position of the islands included on the chart were shown by little pieces of stone or coral placed in proper position.

Surfing Tourism in Waikiki, Hawaii

Surfing Tourism in Waikiki, Hawaii

Most of the people who have been to Hawaii never went to Hawaii. They went to Honolulu, on Oahu, just the doorstep of a whole set of fabulous islands. And most of the people who haven’t even started to go to Hawaii think of it as surfboards, leis, macadamia nuts and pineapple punch, a kind of tropical suburb of Los Angeles. But Hawaii is much, much more than all these things.

Spewed up by a volcanic cataclysm from the Pacific bottom a million years ago, Hawaii is still one of the world’s greatest, though safest, volcanic non-stop shows. There are strange birds and animals, a variety of different islands, scenic wonders and moods to choose – from the brash excitement of Honolulu or Oahu to quiet beauty of an old whaling town on Maui.

There’s a fascinating history to get involved with, from the arrival of the Polynesian outriggers when Charlemagne was still writing the map of France, to the visit of Captain Cook who called these the Sandwich Islands; the story of the missionaries from New England, and the one of the King and Queen who died of measles on a visit to London in 1824, the ingenuity of Mr Dole in establishing the pineapple on a big scale, the sadness of Pearl Harbor and, finally, the happy assumption of Statehood in 1959. It’s quite a history book. And quite a collection of peoples – Polynesian, European and Americans.

The Evolution of Hawaii

The Evolution of Hawaii

Hawaii is a part of the United States so distant from the bulk of the Nation and so seldom visited by an appreciable number of its citizens that it is but natural that the facts with relation to what is going on within its tropical, oceanwashed borders should not be very well understood.

In the autumn of 1931 an incident occurred in Honolulu such as to claim much newspaper space throughout the Nation. A situation was developed which led newspapers, reacting as a result of known strife elsewhere, to conclude that a delicate race situation existed in Hawaii. The deduction was not illogical, but we who are responsible for the government of the islands suspected that the race situation there was so peculiar that it could not be measured by previous experience.

A first-hand investigation of conditions in these midPacific islands where East does meet West, giving special attention to the class of Americans that are there evolving, therefore seemed advisable. William Atherton Du Puy, executive assistant to the Secretary, an experienced investigator and a quite disinterested witness, therefore, in the summer of 1932, was sent to Hawaii with instructions to observe the facts and report his findings.

The Evolution of Hawaii

The governmental establishment of the islands previously had been investigated by Assistant Attorney General Seth W. Richardson, of the Department of Justice. Mr. Du Puy should tell us of the new Americans that are resulting from the unprecedented situation that exists in the islands; how they get along, one with the other, and how they are fitting into that scheme of self-government born to blueeyed peoples on the other side of the world and previously experienced by few of those who contributed to these strange intermixtures of blood.

Since it is a psychological fact that interest in any object decreases as the distance to it increases, the Hawaiian Islands are at a material disadvantage as compared to those other units that go to constitute the United States. Once the handicap of distance is overcome, however, this community, which occupies the position of a Territory and is as much a part of the United States as was Arizona before it was admitted to statehood, is likely to become an ambitious claimant for attention. These American citizens of the mid-Pacific, quite unlike any others under the flag, are likely, upon examination, to claim the place of first interest, but, to understand them, it is necessary to take a bit of a look at the setting in which the racial experiment which is producing them is placed.

A visitor to Hawaii, after a casual examination of his surroundings, is likely to break into superlatives. He is likely to assert what is quite obvious, that the islands have the most equable climate, neither hot nor cold at any season, in the United States. He soon discovers that they produce the most valuable per-acre crops of any comparable area in the world–an unbelievable 12 tons of sugar to the acre, or 20 tons of pineapples.

He discovers that this is the land of the most active volcano in the world where the observer may see geology in the making. He may find that here is to be found the largest and most powerful of Uncle Sam’s Army posts and the most nearly impregnable of his naval bases. He may point to precipitous cliffs that bid for world honors in scenic beauty, that squeeze the heaviest rainfall in all the world out of the winds that blow against them, that produce such phenomena as waterfalls that start tumbling down the mountain sides, are caught by the winds and made to appear to fall up again.

He may say that this is the inhabited land of them all under the sun that is farthest from any neighbor. He may be surprised that it pays more income tax to the Federal Government than do any of a certain thirteen of the States on the mainland–ten times the amount of money that in return is expended in its government. He may be surprised to find that here is the cattle ranch with the biggest herd of purebred Hereford cattle in all the world, and that there is another mountainside herd that passes its entire life from birth to beefsteak without ever taking a drink. Finally he may become fascinated with that vast experiment in racial amalgamation, here where East meets West, which is turning this whole community into a laboratory in which is being worked out problems in the fusions of people such as have never been possible before.

In the Territory of Hawaii, in fact, may be arrayed a series of superlative facts that quite dazzle the mainlander who is accustomed to contact with those conventional communities where bookkeepers labor in alpaca coats and the factory worker adds a gadget to a growing machine as it passes his post. Hawaii is the farthest-away integral part of the United States, since the Philippines lack her status of Territory, which is a stepping stone to statehood. Her sons and daughters are native-born citizens, just as though they first saw the light in Missouri or Maine.

El Conquistador Resort and Country Club in Puerto Rico

El Conquistador Resort and Country Club, The Orchid at Mauna Lani

An island paradise on the sensual side of Puerto Rico. The Grand Hotel and Casino crown an ocean side bluff overlooking the private hillside villas of Las Casitas, La Marina Viflage, Las Olas Viiiage and our exclusive 100-acre island. Golf, tennis, deep-sea fishing, horseback riding, water sports, restaurants, lounges and shops.


The Orchid at Mauna Lani

Here, even the clocks unwind.

On the big island of Hawaii, there is a place that recreates the pleasures of a bygone era. The Orchid at Mauna Lani. This extraordinary resort offers countless ways to indulge body and mind, including golf or a message in our “Spa Without Walls.”


The Royal Hawaiian

Most vacations last two weeks. Here, they are timeless.

For half a century, discriminating travelers have sought out the tropical serenity of The Royal Hawaiian, the most beloved landmark on Waikiki Beach. Today, our 50th Anniversary Celebration package offers our treasured guests such luxuries as a bottle of special edition “Pink Champagne,” an intimate dinner for two and gifts that commemorate the classic traditions of The Royal Hawaiian.


Moana Surfrider

Opened in 1901, “The First Lady of Waikiki” offers a turn-f-the-century vantage point on modern-day Waikiki. The grand columns of the porte cohere, the Palladian windows overlooking the ocean, the sweeping Banyan Veranda – all speak to the rich history of the Sheraton Moana Surfrider.

Visa® Gold Offer: Use your Visa Gold card and take advantage of the “Moana Memories” offer. You’ll receive a Historic Banyan Ocean room, traditional Hawaiian lei greeting, daily breakfast for two on the Banyan Veranda, afternoon tea for two overlooking the courtyard every day, catamaran ride for two, daily newspaper, signature logo leather luggage tags, a historic Waikiki Postcard Book and a Hawaiian candy amenity.